1. DISTRICT GILGIT
Gilgit is the Capital of Gilgit-Baltistan. This is the provincial head quarters and hub of all over Gilgit-Baltistan. Strategically, it is located at the convergence routes for trade and conquest. It thus becomes a melting pot of different cultures and races. The area is watered by the Ghizer/Gilgit, Hunza and Indus rivers and several of their tributaries.
Gilgit has been an important city on the Silk Road through which religions were spread to and from the region. At one time the region was under the influence of Buddhism and a large number of Buddhist texts have been found at various places. A good account of the region is found from the writings of Fa Hsien and Hsuan Tsang, ancient travelers along the Silk Road. There has been found Dardic influence as well. Gilgit was ruled from centuries by the local Trakhane Dynasty which came to an end in 1810 and was followed by the rule of Sikhs and the British before declaring independence in 1947 and becoming part of Pakistan in 1948.
The most scenic and touristic places in this district is Naltar, 35 km from Gilgit and picturesque grassland surrounded by high peaks with accessible glacial lakes. In the winter there is a private ski resort run under the auspices of the Pakistan Air Force. Near to Gilgit there is the Kargah Buddha, a rock-wall carved Buddha dating back to the 8th century AD while a little further on is the ruins of a Buddhist monastery and stupa.
2. DISTRICT ASTORE
Astore is newly established as independent District of Gilgit-Batistan. The Astore district comprises of numerous valleys and villages prominently, Rama, Gorikot, Rebmanpur, Rattu, Bunji, Dashkin and Chilim, amongst others. Of particular mention in the District are the Nanga Parbat ( Rupal Face) and Rama lake.
The main language spoken in the valley is Shina while Urdu is the langua franca of the district.
3. DISTRICT HUNZA-NAGAR.
Hunza valley is the most spectacular and scenic part for the tourists with particular sceneries of the surrounding mountains. A view of four 7000 m high peaks, i.e. Rakaposhi, Diran, Golden and Ultar, from various points of Hunza makes it unique. The valley is known for its delicious frtuts, terraced fields, land mark monuments and also for its changing colours in various seasons. Burushaski and Wakhi are spoken languages of Hunza-Nagar region but English and Urdu are widely used for communication with visitors.
Nagar has been a state of equal atatus and importance as that of Hunza. Although the valley is spread in a vast region, however the main village of Nagar is just opposite to Karimabad, across the Hunza river. Bar, Jaffarabad, Husainabad, Sikandarabad, Nilt and Gulmit are the major villages in Nagar to include in travel plan.
4. GHIZER VALLEY
Ghizer is the most scenic and attractive district of Gilgit-Baltistan. It comprises of several independent and isolated valleys including Punial, Gupis, Phander, Yasin and Ishkoman as distinct feature of each. Mainly two languages i.e. Khowar and Wakhi are spoken in this district while Urdu and English is spoken for the communication with visitors. The district is unique because of its geographical spread and connectivity as well as cultural diversity. Traditions, norms and values enrich the beauty of this district. Trout fishing and angling is the most common attraction in the district. The most touristic places are Sherqilla, Chatorkhand, Khalti, Phander, Hundarap Shonji Lake and Shandur. The significance of the district is quadrupled by the Shandur Pass over which the historical and traditional Polo festival is played between arch rival teams of Gilgit and Chitral.
5. DIAMER VALLEY
Diamer district is the archeologically rich and traditional part of Gilgit-Batistan. It is the gateway of Gilgit Baltistan, chilas is its headquarters. Local laungage is shina but English and Urdu languages are used for communication with outsiders. Be it the Karakuram Highway or the Kaghan Naran road, enter into Diamer valley first to give passage to whole of Gilgit Baltistan. The District manifests pre-historic traces of human pace and advancement in the shape of rock carvings, rock inscriptions and petro glyphs etc. these features place this district at a distinct position as more than 35000 such inscriptions and carvings are available here. The important valleys in Diamer are Tangir, Darel, Chilas, Bunar Das, Gonar Farm and Raikot. On particular note in this district are Nanga Parbat (8125 m) Raikot face and Fairy Meadows, some of the most picturesque places on the earth.
6. SKURDU VALLEY
Skurdu district has a unique for expedition and its is located at the confluence of river Indus and the Shyok river and make the base camp for leading tourist destination in Gilgit Baltistan including K-2. The district is the best manifestation of hospitality and respect to tourists. People of Skurdu can speak English and Urdu but their mother tongue is Balti. Of particular note, Kharpocho Fort, Manthal Rock, (Buddah Rock), Sadpar and Kachura lake, exquisite Shangrila lake and the most famous Deosai plateau. Shigar fort renovated on scientific lines while preserving the cultural and architectural values, presents a thorough learning of the history and culture on one hand while offers a comfortable stay in traditional rooms/suites on the other hand with continental and local food varieties.
7. GANCHE VALLEY
Ganche valley has two sub-divisions, Khaplu and Mashebrum. Hushe, under the shadow of Mashebrum peak, is the gateway to various important peaks and glaciers. A 102 km drive from Skurdu mostly along the Shyok river takes to Khaplu. The district headquarters of Ganche. Khaplu Fort Palace ad Chaqchan Mosque are the interesting places to visit. The mosque built around 1500 AC is the oldest mosque in Baltistan. The Building shows Buddhist influence and Tibtan architecture. Ghondoghoro Pass at 5650 m is one of the most popular and challenging trekking routes in the world. Other places to trek with relative ease are the base camp of Mashebrum Peak and Thalle La. Balti is local language while Urdu and English is widely spoken in Ganche distric.